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Control: 5.4 Ensure routing tables for VPC peering are "least access"


Once a VPC peering connection is established, routing tables must be updated to establish any connections between the peered VPCs. These routes can be as specific as desired - even peering a VPC to only a single host on the other side of the connection.

Being highly selective in peering routing tables is a very effective way of minimizing the impact of breach as resources outside of these routes are inaccessible to the peered VPC.


Remove and add route table entries to ensure that the least number of subnets or hosts as is required to accomplish the purpose for peering are routable.

From Command Line

  1. For each <route_table_id> containing routes non compliant with your routing policy (which grants more than desired "least access"), delete the non compliant route:
aws ec2 delete-route --route-table-id <route_table_id> --destination-cidrblock <non_compliant_destination_CIDR>
  1. Create a new compliant route:
aws ec2 create-route --route-table-id <route_table_id> --destination-cidrblock <compliant_destination_CIDR> --vpc-peering-connection-id <peering_connection_id>


Run the control in your terminal:

steampipe check aws_compliance.control.cis_v140_5_4

Snapshot and share results via Steampipe Cloud:

steampipe login
steampipe check --share aws_compliance.control.cis_v140_5_4


This control uses a named query: