Control: 2.4 Ensure log metric filter and alerts exist for project ownership assignments/changes


Members (users/service-accounts) with a role assignment to primitive role roles/owner are project owners. The project owner has all the privileges on the project. Granting the owner role to a member (user/service-account) will allow that member to modify the identity and access management (IAM) policy. Therefore, grant the owner role only if the member has a legitimate purpose to manage the IAM policy.

In order to prevent unnecessary project ownership assignments to users/service-accounts and further misuses of projects and resources, all roles/owner assignments should be monitored.

Project ownership has the highest level of privileges on a project. To avoid misuse of project resources, the project ownership assignment or change actions should be monitored and alerted to concerned recipients.


From Console

Create a required log metric:

  1. Login to GCP console and navigate to Logs-based Metrics.
  3. Select Metric Type as Counter, enter Log metric name and Units to 1.
  4. Clear any text in the Build filter field and add below text
AND (ProjectOwnership OR projectOwnerInvitee)
OR (protoPayload.serviceData.policyDelta.bindingDeltas.action="REMOVE"
AND protoPayload.serviceData.policyDelta.bindingDeltas.role="roles/owner") OR (protoPayload.serviceData.policyDelta.bindingDeltas.action="ADD"
AND protoPayload.serviceData.policyDelta.bindingDeltas.role="roles/owner")
  1. Click CREATE METRIC. The logs display based on the filter text entered by the user.

Create a required alert policy for the log metric::

  1. Identify the newly created metric under the section User-defined Metrics.
  2. Click the 3-dot icon in the right most column for the desired metric and select Create alert from metric. A new page opens.
  3. Fill out the alert policy configuration and click Save. Choose the alerting threshold and configuration that makes sense for the user's organization. For example, a threshold of zero(0) for the most recent value will ensure that a notification is triggered for every owner change in the project.
  4. Configure the desired notifications channels in the section Notifications.
  5. Enter Alert name and click Save.

From Command Line

Create a required log metric:

  • Use the command: gcloud beta logging metrics create.
  • Reference for Command Usage.

Create a alert policy for the log metric:

  • Use the command: gcloud alpha monitoring policies create.
  • Reference for Command Usage.


  1. Project Ownership assignment to a service account does not send any invites. SetIAMPolicy to role/owneris directly performed on service accounts.
  2. Project ownership assignments for a user cannot be done using the gcloud utility as assigning project ownership to a user requires sending, and the user accepting, an invitation.


steampipe check gcp_compliance.control.cis_v120_2_4


This control uses a named query: