turbot/gcp_compliance

Control: 6.5 Ensure that Cloud SQL database instances are not open to the world

Description

Database Server should accept connections only from trusted Network(s)/IP(s) and restrict access from the world.

To minimize attack surface on a Database server instance, only trusted/known and required IP(s) should be white-listed to connect to it.

An authorized network should not have IPs/networks configured to 0.0.0.0/0 which will allow access to the instance from anywhere in the world. Note that authorized networks apply only to instances with public IPs.

Remediation

This recommendation is applicable for PostgreSQL, MySQL generation 1, MySQL generation 2 and SQL Server 2017 instances.

From Console

  1. Login in to Cloud SQL Instances
  2. Select the SQL Server instance to open details page.
  3. Under Configuration section
  4. Click on Edit Configurations
  5. In the edit page, navigate to Flags and Parameters section
  6. Under Configuration options expand the Connections section.
  7. Click the delete icon for the authorized network 0.0.0.0/0.
  8. Click Save to update the instance

From Command Line

Update the authorized network list by dropping off any addresses

gcloud sql instances patch INSTANCE_NAME --authorizednetworks=IP_ADDR1,IP_ADDR2,...

Note: By default, authorized networks are not configured. Remote connection to Cloud SQL database instance is not possible unless authorized networks are configured.

Usage

steampipe check gcp_compliance.control.cis_v120_6_5

SQL

This control uses a named query:

sql_instance_not_open_to_internet

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