turbot/gcp_compliance

Control: 6.2.14 Ensure 'log_min_error_statement' database flag for Cloud SQL PostgreSQL instance is set to 'Error' or stricter

Description

The log_min_error_statement flag defines the minimum message severity level that are considered as an error statement. Messages for error statements are logged with the SQL statement. Valid values include DEBUG5, DEBUG4, DEBUG3, DEBUG2, DEBUG1, INFO, NOTICE, WARNING, ERROR, LOG, FATAL, and PANIC. Each severity level includes the subsequent levels mentioned above. Ensure a value of ERROR or stricter is set.

Default value for log_min_error_statement flag is ERROR.

Auditing helps in troubleshooting operational problems and also permits forensic analysis. If log_min_error_statement is not set to the correct value, messages may not be classified as error messages appropriately. Considering general log messages as error messages would make is difficult to find actual errors and considering only stricter severity levels as error messages may skip actual errors to log their SQL statements.

The log_min_error_statement flag should be set to ERROR or stricter.

Remediation

From Console:

  1. Login to GCP console and navigate to Cloud SQL Instances.
  2. Select the PostgreSQL instance for which the database flag needs to be enabled.
  3. Click EDIT.
  4. Scroll down to the Flags section.
  5. Click ADD FLAG, choose the log_min_error_statement from the drop-down menu, and set to off.
  6. Click SAVE.
  7. Confirm the changes under Flags on the Overview page.

From Command Line:

  1. List all Cloud SQL database instances using the following command
gcloud sql instances list
  1. Configure the log_min_error_statement database flag for every Cloud SQL PostgreSQL database instance using the below command
gcloud sql instances patch INSTANCE_NAME --database-flags log_min_error_statement=<DEBUG5|DEBUG4|DEBUG3|DEBUG2|DEBUG1|INFO|NOTICE|WARNI NG|ERROR>

Note

  • This command will overwrite all previously set database flags. To keep those and add new ones, include the values for all flags to be set on the instance. Any flag not specifically included is set to its default value. For flags that do not take a value, specify the flag name followed by an equals sign ("=").
  • Configuring the above flag does not require restarting the Cloud PostgreSQL instance.

Usage

steampipe check gcp_compliance.control.cis_v120_6_2_14

SQL

This control uses a named query:

sql_instance_postgresql_log_min_error_statement_database_flag_configured

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